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Phenol import and export of bulk drugs market gap widening

Number of visits: Date:2017-01-17 10:02:23

Phenol is an important basic organic chemical raw materials, the application amount of synthetic resins, plastics, pharmaceuticals, pesticides and many other areas of great. Especially phenol as starting materials sodium salicylate and salicylic acid, the starting material is synthetic aspirin annually for phenol synthesis of salicylic acid have a dozen tons, accounting for China's about 10% phenol consumption.
 
For a long time, China's market demand for phenol is increasing, but production is far from meeting the domestic phenol market demand, a large gap in the market, must be imported from abroad every year, imports increased considerably in recent years.
 
Capacity is highly concentrated
 
The current production capacity worldwide has reached more than 14 million tons of phenol, the vast majority of enterprises are using cumene production. After years of market baptism, global phenol production has been concentrated in a few large enterprises, according to the data, and now the international scale phenol production enterprises have reached several hundred thousand tons, the production of phenol world's top ten companies capacity reached 70 million tons, the largest three companies whose production scale are more than 100 million tons, ranking first in the United States chemical Company, the annual production capacity reached 1.5 million tons, ranking second in the US phenol production company scale up 1.3 million tons, ranking third in the Shell Chemical company annual production capacity of 100 tons.
 
Phenol production and international giants compared to the production capacity of Chinese enterprises are relatively small. Currently, there are more than a dozen companies producing phenol, the country's total production capacity will reach 1.8 million tons. The main production enterprises: Shanghai Gaoqiao Petrochemical Company (annual production capacity of 360,000 tons), Saudi Arabia joint venture in Tianjin Petrochemical Company (annual production capacity of 350,000 tons), Beijing Yanshan Petrochemical Company (annual production capacity of 340,000 tons), Guangdong to build Tao petrochemical Company (annual production capacity of 200,000 tons), Jilin petrochemical Company (annual production capacity of 160,000 tons), Arima Bluestar Harbin petrochemical Company (annual production capacity of 125,000 tons) total 6. Production scale of enterprises single set of devices is relatively small, the largest production unit of foreign enterprises annual production capacity could reach 500,000 tons, China's largest production unit annual production capacity is only 100,000 tons.
 
Phenol in the global market, the US is the major consumer countries, the amount of annual consumption reached 4.2 million tons of phenol, is expected to reach 4.5 million tons in 2014. The European market has reached an annual consumption of 3.5 million tons of phenol. Asian markets are now an annual consumption of 2.5 million tons of phenol.
 
Larger imports
 
Over the past decade, China's rapid economic development, market demand for phenol is rising, and a greater increase. 2001, the consumption of the national market for 450,000 tons of phenol; consumption in 2005 reached 730,000 tons; in 2007 was 1,000,000 tons; in 2009 was 1.2 million tons; in 2010 reached 1.4 million tons, an increase over last year 16.7%; in 2011 reached 1.57 million tons more than the previous year has increased by 12.1 percent, and in 2001 an increase of more than three times.
 
From a geographic perspective, east, north, south China are the main areas of consumption of phenol, where consumption is the largest in East China, generally account for about 40 percent of the country. Look from the consumer sector, phenolic resins, bisphenol A, salicylic acid is the main product of phenol consumption, in 2011 the amount of these three products consumed phenol were 600,000 tons, 400,000 tons and 150,000 tons, respectively, accounting for 40% of the total, 25% and 10%.
 
Phenol strong domestic market demand-pull production, over the past decade, China's output of phenol shows a growing trend. 2001, China's output of 250,000 tons of phenol; 2005 reached 440,000 tons; in 2007 was 540,000 tons; in 2010 was 690,000 tons, accounting for 49% of the domestic market demand; 2011 was 704,000 tons, accounting for domestic 45% of the market demand than last year dropped by 4 percentage points.
 
Since the production of phenol is far from meeting the domestic market demand, China's annual import large quantities from abroad. Imports increased rapidly in recent years. 2001, China's import volume of phenol was 210,000 tons; in 2005 was 290,000 tons; in 2007 was 460,000 tons; in 2009 amounted to 560,000 tons in 2010 to 630,000 tons, an increase of 12.5% ​​over the previous year; 2011 was 760,000 tons, an increase of 20.6% over the previous year. China's imports to phenol, mainly in eastern China, due to the production of phenol production enterprises in east China's majority supporting the supply of its own downstream plants, less supply market, while East has a great demand for phenol, and therefore require a lot of imports.
 
Raw material constraints of capacity expansion
 
Although in recent years, China's market demand for phenol is relatively strong, but its sales prices of domestic and foreign markets due to the influence of many factors, not showing a unilateral upward trend. 2011, domestic phenol market price showed a downward trend, in January 2011, the market price of a tonne of phenol sales (below) to 14,000 yuan, in July 2011 was 12,200 yuan, a decrease of 12.9% over January ; December 2011 was 9,000 yuan, compared with July also fell 26.2%. The first half of 2012, domestic phenol market prices have rebounded, reaching about 12,000 yuan per ton in the second half, prices have come down, for about 11,000 yuan per ton.
 
Phenol market over the years because of strong demand, while domestic production can not meet demand in recent years, some domestic enterprises have invested in the expansion of production capacity of phenol, but production of phenol can never have a more substantial growth. According to the analysis, which is mainly due to insufficient supply of raw materials for producing phenol.
 
At present, our production process mostly phenol cumene, based on benzene and propylene as a starting material, in the role of a catalyst for alkylation reaction of phenol. The propylene is currently China's relatively scarce resources, which would severely restrict further expand the scale of production of phenol. According to industry analysts, this situation can not be changed in the short term. Therefore, in the next few years, China will import large quantities of phenol in order to compensate for the lack of domestic production. From the overall supply and demand situation on the international market today phenol point of view, the supply still exceeds demand.

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