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German medical separation for our pharmaceutical separate some inspiration

Number of visits: Date:2014-10-29 09:59:49

Following the Beijing Friendship Hospital, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Dec. 1, another Beijing Tiantan Hospital in Beijing, Beijing Tongren Hospital and Beijing Jishuitan Hospital started the medicine three separate public hospital reform. The pharmaceutical sub-sector has been practiced in many developed countries in Europe and America for many years, how their status quo? Development of the German pharmacy has a representative in Europe, the author had further study in Germany. Reference German Pharmacists Association (ABDA) survey data, the author describes the status of the basic situation of Germany and the German pharmacy practice medicine separated, and analyzes the differences in the case of Germany, the number of pharmacies, pharmacists and practitioners of distribution functions, hoping to China separate combat medicine has some reference.
 
 
Pharmacy is a management, technology, management, services is one of the integrated department or enterprise. Pharmacies pharmacists provide to patients is necessary to ensure accurate and acceptable quality of drugs, but also to ensure patient safety and effective use of medicines, to ensure that health care costs are more economical and reasonable. Countries, pharmacy functions, pharmacists distribution, etc. Different swap business. I worked in a pharmacy in Germany for further study of German pharmacies have some understanding of the situation. Germany is Europe's developed economies, its pharmacy function, pharmacists distribution and China is very different. Learn German pharmacy situation, the future development of our pharmacies have some reference value.
 
German pharmacies and pharmaceutical industry sub Situation
 
Pharmacy Situation
 
Germany is an important member of the EU, is a contemporary geographic, economic and political center of Europe. German pharmacy has a representative in Europe. In Europe, population, history, geography, economics, consumer protection law or health policy and other countries in the background and factors are likely to affect the density of each country's pharmacies and service groups. Data show that residents of EU countries in 2010 the average number of pharmacy services for 3300 people, while 3,800 people in Germany, close to the average of the EU countries.
 
In recent years, the total number of pharmacies in Germany changed little, but the number of pharmacy chains grow very fast. By the end of 2004, a total of 632 German chain of community pharmacies, and by the end of 2010 has increased to 3478. Due to the large number of community pharmacies, so the competition between the various social pharmacy is quite intense, the annual number of pharmacies closed in a rising trend.
 
German pharmacies are divided into two types of hospital pharmacies and community pharmacies. Hospital pharmacy only medicines for hospital inpatients, community pharmacies for patients with private clinics or hospitals in the outpatient department of a doctor's services.
 
In Germany, both the hospital pharmacy or community pharmacy, there is a unified identity (Figure). German word pharmacy is "Apotheken", whichever is the first letter "A" as a pharmacy logo, and with a striking red as the font color; where there is a snake wrapped around a goblet on the snake in the West on behalf of the medical workers, and the collection of toxic substances goblet tools to indicate to the pharmacist by the handling of toxic substances. This logo is suitable for any kind of pharmacies in Germany.
 
Pharmacy staff distributed
 
German pharmacy workflow, staff usage, configuration, and management and our pharmacy is very different. German hospital pharmacy is only responsible for providing pharmaceutical services to hospital inpatients, and not every hospital has a pharmacy, only the larger hospitals only. On average, a hospital patient 5,6 hospital pharmacy can provide services for. German society pharmacies are generally set up private pharmacies registered pharmacist, from a private clinic after outpatient clinic or hospital to see a doctor, prescription to the pharmacy to get the community to medicines.
 
Therefore, in Germany, a lot of social pharmacy pharmacist is the main work units. According to statistics, the distribution of pharmacists in community pharmacies, accounting for more than 82.0% of the total German pharmacist practitioners; and hospital pharmacies pharmacists only about 3.1% of the total employed pharmacist.
 
Pharmaceutical division staff is also very clear. In social pharmacy, drug procurement, storage staff for drug procurement, storage, and other non-professional work, is not allowed as a deployment, preparations and drug test work; pharmacy technician on duty in the case of pharmacists, may be responsible for the deployment, formulations and drug testing, etc. the work, not allowed to work alone under normal circumstances; and pharmacists in community pharmacy is responsible for the overall work, including deployment, preparation, drug testing, counseling, guidance, supervision, management and medication safety checks and the like. Because society generally pharmacist privately owned pharmacies, the scale is very small, so the pharmacist in charge of the community pharmacies in addition to professional work, others such as drug procurement, storage, and some non-professional work, a lot of time pharmacist must personally go do. According to statistics, community pharmacies pharmacists in Germany accounted for more than 32.9% of all the total number of staff.
 
Pharmaceutical sub-sector case
 
In Germany, since not every hospital has a pharmacy, only the larger hospitals have, therefore, like the German city of Stuttgart (Stuttgart) have general hospitals, specialty hospitals 25, but a total of only five hospital pharmacies.
 
On the health care system, the German system does not implement the medical point, the patient can choose to go to any hospital, and to any pharmacy dispensary; freedom to choose practitioners and specialist physicians, and in a certain range in the opening under the guidance of doctors in the selected inpatient hospital. In Germany, no matter how patient the prevailing economic situation, you can receive timely treatment, while not required to pay cash and treatment. Because of Germany's strict separation of medicine, medical supervision is provided between the side and the treatment side, the right to avoid the abuse of prescription doctor collusion with drug companies for profit. And because the outpatient and inpatient strictly separated to ensure the referral channels, but also to eliminate the possibility of hospital patients get the benefit of the residence.

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